Learn The Symptoms Of Insomnia
Words cannot explain the number of people suffering from insomnia across the globe. Unfortunately, so many of us either know the wrong definition of Insomnia or don’t know its definition at all. However, insomnia entails various types of sleeping problems such as sleeplessness or lack of quality sleep. Quality sleep is of much necessity in that it enhances good health. On average, everyone needs the following amount of sleep:
- Babies and toddlers need 12-17 hours of sleep
- Children need 9-13 hours of sleep
- Adults need 7-9 hours of sleep.
Insomnia is primarily categorized into two types, which include:
They are 2 major types of sleeping disorders
- Primary insomnia; primary insomnia entails having sleep disorders that are linked directly to other problems or health condition.
- Secondary Insomnia: This is sleep disorder caused by other health conditions, for instance, arthritis, depression, substances such as alcohol among others
However, primary insomnia is not as a result of medicines, substances or any medical problems. It is a distinct sleep disorder whose cause is not discovered yet. Most changes in life may bring about primary insomnia, emotional upset and even stress.
Other types of Insomnia:
- Acute insomnia: this is alternatively known as short-term insomnia. The symptoms of this sleep disorder last for a number of weeks. Acute insomnia is quite common and enhanced by things such as traumatic situations, life pressure or stress.
- Transient insomnia: this is a type of sleep disorder whose signs and symptoms last for at least three nights.
- Chronic insomnia: this is a type of insomnia that may last for a long period of time. Talk of months or even years. Most chronic insomnia cases are usually secondary meaning that they are other problems side effects or symptoms. However, there are medicines, sleep disorders and particular medical conditions that bring about secondary insomnia.
What are the Symptoms of Insomnia?
They are common Insomnia symptoms that are an indication that one is indeed suffering from a sleeping disorder. They include the following:
- Excess fatigue: feeling extremely tired after waking up is one of the insomnia symptoms. This fatigue is caused by lack of enough or good sleep. This leads to poor daily activities performance.
- Finding it hard to fall asleep: at night, you might realize that you really can’t sleep despite how hard you try. This is a sign that everything is not well with you.
- Depression; depression is also a key insomnia symptom. Most people suffering from depression suffer lack of proper sleep or fail to sleep at all.
- Waking up earlier than usual: due to lack of quality sleep, one may be forced to be waking up too earlier.
- Anxiety and irritability: a person who feels anxious most of the time might be suffering from insomnia. Lack of sleep improves irritability and anxiety. Sleep is known to lower anxiety levels thus the opposite about sleeplessness is the truth.
- Loss of focus: insomnia interferes with the normal functioning of the brain making it difficult to focus on anything. A person cannot concentrate on important tasks and this affects how one performs their daily tasks.
- Loss of memory: sleep helps in boosting the memory; however, lack of quality sleep interferes with one's memory.
- Accidents or increased errors; a person suffering from insomnia is likely to cause accidents in comparison to a person who gets adequate sleep. Sleeplessness also leads to increased number of errors one is likely to make.
- Stress; if you have a feeling that your mind is about to blow with stress to an extent you can't afford to sleep for days or months now, that’s an insomnia symptom. Stress is a key cause of chronic stress and you can solve the problem through stress management.
You should not hesitate to go for insomnia diagnosis in case of repeated sleepless nights. If you notice that you have any of the insomnia symptoms, it is imperative to seek help. Doctors are known to use various approaches for insomnia diagnosis. Such diagnoses measures can be performed at home but there are others that will require you to visit a sleep clinic.
At the clinic, you will get details on how, when and where to seek help as a result of sleeplessness. You will also be given tips on how to talk with your doctor. They are a number of methods used to treat insomnia that entail behavioral and psychological steps. CBTI (Cognitive behavioral treatments for insomnia), primary sleep hygiene guidelines and relaxation techniques will literally help you with sleeping problems.
How to Diagnose Insomnia
There isn’t a specific insomnia test thus doctors depend on diverse tools for insomnia diagnosis. Doctors depend on various tools to determine insomnia symptoms. Some of the measures used to include filling a questionnaire. Conducting blood tests, filling out logs, full night sleep study among others. After such tests, your doctor will comprehend your sleeplessness experience thus referring you to the appropriate treatment plan.
How To start Insomnia Treatment?
Non-medical Insomnia treatments (Cognitive and Behavioral)
Insomnia can be treated through behavioral and psychological techniques. Restriction of sleep, relaxation training, and stimulus control among others. Some of these strategies are self-implemented while others call for sleep specialist or therapist intervention.
Relaxation training; this one is alternatively referred as progressive muscle relaxation. It trains an individual to relax and tense muscles systematically in various parts of their body. This is turn calms one’s body and enhances sleep.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): entails behavioral changes, for instance, a constant sleeping and waking up time as well as doing away with the afternoon naps. However, it includes a “thinking” or cognitive element. CBT aims at challenging unhealthy fears and ideas about sleep and encourage positive rational thinking.
Insomnia medical treatments
There are a number of diverse types of insomnia sleeping like prescription as well as non-prescription medications. The right medication for each individual is based on a person's insomnia symptoms plus a number of diverse health factors. In that case, it is imperative to consult a sleep doctor before using any sleeping aid.
Key classes of insomnia medication prescription are non-benzodiazepine, melatonin receptor agonists as well as benzodiazepine.